Trials and Verdicts
Please answer the (3) questions below.
Week 8 Extra Credit (10 Points)
Are criminal repeat offenders being given too many second chances?
When four girls were killed in separate incidents in Orange County last fall, community members had one major question – why were the suspects walking free in the first place? Consider the case of Jaquinn Ramone Bell. Bell had already amassed more than a half-dozen warrants for probation violations by the time he pleaded guilty to DUI and hit-and-run charges in August. A judge sentenced him to probation and 10 days in jail. Two months later, Bell was back behind the wheel, accused of killing three 13-year-old girls in a hit-and-run accident in Santa Ana on Halloween night. The victims’ family members were outraged. “They feel he should have gotten a stiffer sentence than he did,” said John Duntan, a spokesman for the family of one of the girls. “If he had been in jail, these girls would be alive today.” Similar questions followed the death of Ximena Meza, a 9-year-old bystander hit by gunfire in an Anaheim gang shooting in October. The gang members arrested in connection with Ximena’s death – Ricardo Cruz and Alfredo Miguel Aquino – had been released from jail in mid-July, after pleading guilty to felony weapons possession, despite recommendations from probation officers that they serve more time. The deaths have led communities to wonder why individuals with long histories of law breaking have not received maximum sentences. But law experts say determining how to handle offenders who aren’t abiding by their legal restrictions isn’t so simple.A tough job Laurie Levenson, professor at Loyola Law School, said judges have the tough job of deciding appropriate punishment and whether a person deserves another chance. “In hindsight, it’s easy to say this person should have been locked up in jail, but judges are looking at hundreds of cases, and a case may not seem as serious until the worst happens,” she said. “… There is no computer or magic formula to tell a judge exactly what their judgment should be.” Levenson said judges must weigh factors including the severity of the crime, public safety, losses to the victim and a defendant’s efforts to change. But ultimately, a judge is always taking some risk when giving a repeat offender another chance. “I think judges are often concerned that the guy they let out will be the next one they read about in the newspaper, but at some point, they cannot put everybody in custody,” Levenson said. Due to their ongoing cases, judges in Orange County Superior Court declined to comment on how they determine sentences for repeat offenders. Probation officers, who prepare reports for judges advising them on recommended sentences, must consider offenders’ entire criminal and personal histories, looking at whether they are willing or able to take part in treatment or rehabilitation rather than just being locked up.
Week 8 EXTRA CREDIT (10 Points)
What should Americans fear more International Terrorist attacks or Domestic Terrorist attacks?
In December, a couple open fire and killed 14 fourteen people at a holiday party. The FBI wants to determine if the couple was connected to an International terrorist cell of ISIS. However, Apple is refusing to unlock the cell phone that belonged to couple.
Should Apple help the FBI? Please read the article and view the video. Post your response in the discussion thread.
Apple vows to resist FBI demand to crack iPhone linked to San Bernardino attacks
By Ellen Nakashima February 17
Tech giant Apple and the FBI appeared headed for a deepening confrontation Wednesday after the company’s chief pledged to fight federal demands to help mine data from an iPhone used by one of the shooters in December’s terrorist attacks in San Bernardino.
The clash reflects wider debates in the United States and elsewhere over security measures used by companies to protect users of devices such as smartphones — and how much leverage authorities should have to gain special access.
“We have great respect for the professionals at the FBI, and we believe their intentions are good,” Apple chief executive Tim Cook said in a strongly worded open letter posted late Tuesday on the company’s website.
“Up to this point, we have done everything that is both within our power and within the law to help them,” it continued. “But now the U.S. government has asked us for something we simply do not have, and something we consider too dangerous to create. They have asked us to build a backdoor to the iPhone.”
Week 8 Discussion: Probation Today
Please respond to the following:
According to the text, many repeat violent offenders, even those who commit murder, rape, or assault, receive probation. Defend or critique the granting of probation for all who meet probation eligibility requirements. Support your response with concrete examples.
The Americans should fear more the domestic attacks than international terrorist attacks. TheIslamic State of Iraq and Syria have developed nuclear weapon from the radioactive material.The…