Social workers have a key role in the management of risks and complexity associated with people who have the mental problem. Social workers always offer support to people in crisis especially the ones with mental disabilities. The workers in collaboration with the local authorities deliver health services such as mental health services by providing support and care within the community. The other services of the social worker does to the mentally incapacitated is the provision of housing facilities and employment through collaboration with the other health professionals. Social workers help in ensuring that services appropriate and sensitive to the individuals needs. They also ensure that only eligible people have access social care resources and services and protect their interests. Protecting the rights of the mentally ill individuals to prevent discrimination, inequality, and offering protection to them is the social workers job.
The legislation for the social workers for people with mental health challenges are the Mental Capacity Act (2005) and the mental Capacity Act Code of Practice (2007). The others are the equality Act (2009), and Human rights Act 1998. The main policies are the code of practice Mental Health Act 1983 and revised in 2008 and Dignity in Care resources 2010. The other one is the Mental Health and social Exclusion 2004, A Shared vision for Mental health 2009, and information sharing and mental health guidance 009.
Many of the interventions for people with mental challenges fall under psychosocialeducation interventions, which bestow cognitive, therapeutic, and sociability benefits by offering education and setting goals. The intervention also seeks to instill skills that challenge the thinking patterns and social interaction and are therefore classified under psycho-educational theory. Psychoeducation covers important rights of individuals to have information about the illness and does not focus on the abnormality diagnosis. The aim is skill teaching, satisfaction, and goal-achievement for the people with mental disability. The psychoeducational theory deals with dynamic psychology studying emotional aspects, such as motivation, hope, fear, and goals. The other one is how to acquire knowledge, skills, and third development psychology which deals with biological and organic factors and maturation of each individual.
The Care Act 2014 consolidated and modernizes the law touching on adult Care in England into one statute and is one of the biggest changes to the law in 60 years. The main changes are the national eligibility criteria, the right to independent advocacy, and car costs faced by self-funders from the 016 cap.
The main strengths of the care act are that there is a limit on the amount that anyone can pay for towards the cost of their care. Many people will access care and support and is clear on the level of care one should expect under the modern law. The act provides a chance for people to receive physical, mental, and emotional support for their wellbeing. There will also be reduced care costs for all the citizens especially the low-income earners. The limitations are the shortage of healthcare professionals to serve the huge population and higher cost of drugs, especially by the pharmaceutical companies.