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Running Head: THE COLUMBIA, SC COMMUNITY April Allen Capella University HMSV8406 10/20/2019 1 THE COLUMBIA, SC COMMUNITY 2 The work of a human service leader can be challenging if an individual; doesn’t take time to critically understand the environment and the community he is working in. It needs a lot of effort and research to be able to fit in in a foreign community so that one can be able to effectively meet the needs of the community members (Clarke, 2019). Columbia, SC, is the community I have chosen to work with and taken time to understand it broadly. This paper seeks to clearly explain the context of Columbia, SC, as my practice community. The original inhabitants of Columbia were Congaree. Columbia was formed in 1786 by the general assembly of South Carolina and became the center of development of the state. Eventually, Columbia was chosen to be the capital city of the state due to its strategic position. It was listed to be a village after its formation, but later alone, it emerged to be on the list of cities in South Carolina. In 1801, South Carolina University was built in Columbia, thus making it an institutional center (Lane, 2018). This increased its population because many youths were not moving to England for further education as it was the norm by then. In the 19th century, there were a lot of slaves in Columbia, and some resided with their masters. The government established a ruling that slaves should not be taught how to read and write so that they could not eventually turn out to be rebellious. This was impossible because the slaves were determined to be enlightened, and finally, almost all the slaves were literate through the help of the churches that had started emerging. The slaves were many in Columbia because there was large scale farming of cotton, and there were suitable means of transport, which was the railway transport (Clarke, 2019). Towards the end of the civil war, a more significant portion of Columbia was reduced into ruins by fire when the union troops tried to occupy the city. The union troops destroyed the Methodist church together with other churches such as Presbyterian and Baptists. The ruins that were left after the destruction of the town serve as tourists’ attraction today. THE COLUMBIA, SC COMMUNITY 3 The city was reconstructed, and the fantastic thing is that the residents of the city turned out to be the former slaves. During the time of reconstruction, Columbia was the center of attraction, and it attracted tourists and journalists who were curious to visit the ruins and see the new dwellers of the city (Halberg, 2015). In the 20th century, Columbia became the most prominent textile manufacturing point in the whole region, and this made Columbia the center of trade with customers from all over the states. Columbia has really grown, and recently it has become the heart of art, restaurants, amazing tourists’ destination, and museums. Columbia was developed along the famous fall line of the Congaree River, which is within the river’s navigation, thus making it an inland. Columbian’s location is approximately between the vast mountains known as Blue Ridge and the Atlantic Ocean, but it’s a bit elevated. The soils in Columbia are loamy covered with sandy topsoil and well-drained, thus comfortably supporting cotton-growing farms (Lane, 2018). The city covers an area of 349.5KM squared, and 7.0 square kilometers is water. Large parts of the city are covered by people’s settlements. From the most recent census practice that took place in Columbia, the results were that there are 129,272 people in Columbia, and the density of the population was928.6 people within a square mile. The people living in Columbia are mostly whites and blacks (Halberg, 2015). The whites take up to 52% of the dwellers while the blacks take approximately 43%; the other 5% is made up of other races. 50% of the population is nonfamilies, and 23% is made up of children below the age of 18. The average income of a family living in the city was $38,590. Around 23% of the total population was below the line of poverty, which includes people between 24 years and 65 years and fewer than eighteen. The religion background is basically Christianity mixed with Jews. With THE COLUMBIA, SC COMMUNITY 4 time the population has decreased due to extreme climatic conditions that have eventually left most people homeless and properties ruined. The significant resources in Columbia city are sceneries due to its geographical positioning, and the city is rich in culture and artwork. The University of South Carolina is still based in the town, thus making and other colleges that have emerged, thus making the city to be an educational center. One of the oldest theaters is located in Columbia since 1917, which has helped in the production of musicals and plays over the years (Clarke, 2019). Other theaters are such as Trustus theatre, Nickelodeon, the Shakespeare Company in South Carolina, and many other theaters that have produced outstanding performance and artwork. The town has great venues where major global meetings and conventions have been held over the years. It also has great and beautiful sports venues. Columbia also has impressive and outstanding recreation centers and parks (Halberg, 2015). Some of these parks are such as Finlay Park, which is the oldest and the largest park occupying 18acres of land and was founded in 1859. It has many more parks and recreations that attract more tourists from various parts of the world. Basically, Columbia is a great tourist destination, and most of its revenue comes from the tourism industry. The main geographical problem Columbia experiences are extreme weather and climatic conditions. This is due to its low elevation, which makes it impossible to regulate its summer and winter temperatures. The city lies at the center of sandhills; thus, its soil it a bit sandy; therefore, it contains less water that allows the area to be more heated than other cities (Lane, 2018). The distance that is there between Columbia and the Atlantic Ocean makes it hard for the city to receive THE COLUMBIA, SC COMMUNITY 5 the moderating effects like the other coastal cities. The area is sweltering, and on the other hand, when it becomes cold or rainy, the weather turns out to be extreme. The websites have come in handy to inform the outside world on how the climate has affected Columbia. In times of natural calamities such as extreme weather conditions that lead to the destruction of the property, leaving people homeless, website owners have mobilized people globally to help the affected people. Website owners have gone out of their way to conduct thorough research on how to control or prevent critical damage from the harsh climate, and many of them have come up with different strategies. (See, Foody, Comber & Liu, 2016). This media approach can be more effective if the website owners come together and implement all the strategies and ideas they have towards solving these community needs. On the other hand, the government can consider applying the ideas and thoughts ideas on websites and other social media platforms. The problems come in with the fact that people have a lot of ideas on what can be done to handle the geographical issues in Columbia, the plans have been aired on websites, but there is no one to implement (See, Foody, Comber & Liu, 2016). If at all the website owners can find avenues such as approaching organizations that handle such issues or even consulting the government, then the use of the website to address such issues would be more effective. In conclusion, therefore, Columbia is an exquisite land full of precious resources and history and enjoys moments of political stability (Lane, 2018). Its population is manageable and has a great potential to bring in more income to the state, but it’s saddening that a large percentage of its population is below the poverty margin. The only factor that limits this city is the issue on climatic conditions due to its geographical positioning. As stated in the above discussion, the 6 THE COLUMBIA, SC COMMUNITY website is doing a great job to help in solving or reducing the effects of the harsh climate, but the implementation of the strategies should be put into consideration. References Clarke, E. (2019). To Count Our Days: A History of Columbia Theological Seminary. Univ of South Carolina Press. Halberg, K. B. (2015). ” This is a little beauty”: Preserving the legacy of the Columbia THE COLUMBIA, SC COMMUNITY 7 Cottage (Doctoral dissertation, University of South Carolina). Lane, L. (2018). Building Columbia (Doctoral dissertation, University of South Carolina). See, L., Mooney, P., Foody, G., Bastin, L., Comber, A., Estima, J., … & Liu, H. Y. (2016). Crowdsourcing, citizen science, or volunteered geographic information? The current state of crowdsourced geographic information. ISPRS International Journal of GeoInformation, 5(5), 55. Running head: ORGANIZATION WITHIN THE COMMUNITY CONTEXT Organization within the Community Context April Allen Capella University 1 ORGANIZATION WITHIN THE COMMUNITY CONTEXT 2 Organization within the Community Context There are many organizations and departments in the United States that are involved in the provision of social and human services in the United States. The organization or department identified for this essay is HHS. The department was created in 1979 after it separated from the department of education (Monette, Sullivan, DeJong, & Hilton, 2014). The department was established with the sole reason of improving the health, well-being, and safety of all Americans. It has jurisdiction across all the states and thereby Columbia, South Carolina is also covered in the various programs and projects that are supposed to improve the welfare of the people in the region. The department of HHS firs into the chosen community in many ways. Columbia, just like every other community in the country has needs in regards to human services and other health services. The needs of one community differs from that of another. However, there is no community that can say that it does not require some of the illustrious services that are provided by HHS to members of the public. The mission of HHS is one that places it at a great position to serve the people of Columbia. The mission is to protect the welfare of Americans (Monette, Sullivan, DeJong, & Hilton, 2014). This is achieved through providing health and other related human services that improve the outlook of healthcare and well-being in society. The department of HHS would also fit into the chosen community of Columbia since it offers a wide range of services. These services are mainly offered through different programs that are in place. Some of the main programs include social services, prevention and wellness, educational training on various healthcare matters, public health, safety, and emergency response and preparedness (Eriksen, 2016). HHS also works closely with the insurance companies in the country that offer medical insurance. Medical insurance is a service that would play a critical role towards the realization of various healthcare outcomes in the chosen community. ORGANIZATION WITHIN THE COMMUNITY CONTEXT 3 The department of HHS involves community in many ways before critical decisions are made that determine how human services are offered to the people. One of the ways is through conducting consultations before a given program is put in place. The department gains a lot of information in regards to the manner in which it would want such services to be provided to people. It also has representatives in its board whose role is to ensure that the community comes first in any decisions that are made. The department of HHS also conducts several types of outreach programs. These are programs that target members of the population or groups that are considered to be vulnerable or marginalized. Examples include the elderly, homeless people, veterans, and ex-convicts. These groups of people are vulnerable to many things and the aim of HHS is to ensure that their health and well-being is enhanced. A lot of information is available on the department of HHS website. Such information could be critical or important for members of the chosen community, Columbia as they strive to improve their health and well-being. The website contains the history of the department, grants and contracts that are currently in place, programs and services that are provided to members of the community, and some of the laws and regulations that come into play within the field of human services. Such information is critical towards the realization of healthcare and well-being outcomes of Americans in the chosen community. ORGANIZATION WITHIN THE COMMUNITY CONTEXT References Eriksen, K. (2016). Human services today. Reston, VA: Reston Pub. Co. Monette, D. R., Sullivan, T. J., DeJong, C. R., & Hilton, T. (2014). Applied social research: A tool for the human services. Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole, Cengage Learning. 4 unit 5 d 1 COLLAPSE The challenge of homelessness is one that continues to bedevil the community and the people living in it. Many reasons push people to homelessness ranging from tough economic times, abusive home environments, drug abuse, veteran issues, and patients released from care and so forth (Geraghty, 2018). While it’s easy to assume that homeless people find themselves in these tough times as a result of their doing, some are pushed into the predicament by factors out of their control. As an agency that seeks to assist members of the community, this is one of the issues that we will attempt to address. The mission of the organization and its objectives is to provide a helping hand to the community and empower the people to better their lives. However, even as we seek to address this issue, community collaboration is necessary to offer the right support and meets the needs effectively. Geraghty, L. (2018). How do people become homeless? The reasons are myriad and diverse. Retrieved from https://www.bigissue.com/latest/how-do-people-become-homeless/ Running head: COMMUNITY SERVICE LEADERSHIP Community Service Leadership April Allen Capella University 1 Running head: COMMUNITY SERVICE LEADERSHIP 2 Community Service Leadership (HHS) in Columbia CS Community The Columbia CS community has grappled with the issue of homelessness for a long time. While the economic circumstances have significantly contributed to cases of homelessness, demographic forces have also played a central role in the homeless population. As a result, public attention and safety have been greatly influenced by the Columbia community over the last several years. On the other hand, HHS, as a U.S department interested in the protection and well-being of American families, has been on a mission to provide adequate social and human services geared towards curbing the problem of homelessness. As a representative of the agency and thereof a community leader, it is critical to work closely with community members to realize the objectives of HHS and the improvement of the living standards of the Columbia CS members. The community has several stakeholders who will play a significant role in the project. They include residents, business owners, and neighborhood associations. Firstly, the residents are the most crucial stakeholders in the Columbia CS community. They constitute the majority of the population and are the most affected group in the issue of homelessness. According to most residents, homelessness has resulted from the high cost of housing, poverty in families, and lack of jobs. Additionally, most homeless families live in the downtown parts of the Columbia area, where living conditions are poor and neglected. Among the problems facing the population living in these areas include harassment, defecation, crime, public nudity, and drug dealing. As HHS, the first measure of action will be to identify what is the cause of the increased levels of homelessness and find strategies to counter the problem. Homes and children centers will also be created to house these families and provide basic amenities like food, clothing, and shelter. The next step will be to introduce an initiative that seeks to empower these families into acquiring skills, language, and interactive abilities to Running head: COMMUNITY SERVICE LEADERSHIP 3 conduct business and get jobs. These initiatives will include training, mentoring programs, and counseling sessions in rehabilitation centers for drug-affected individuals and groups. Secondly, the business owners make the next significant group of stakeholders in the CS Columbia community. These are the people who determine the economic patterns of the community. They provide a livelihood for the residents and offer employment opportunities to those living around. This group is affected by the problem of homelessness because of insecurity. While the homeless may appear harmless, they contribute to crime levels and threaten the safety of property and residents. According to Geragthy (2018), partnering with business owners would go a long way in rehabilitating the streets and ensuring the safety of property and residents. The first step would be to construct public toilets accessible to everyone using the streets. The companies and organizations would brand these facilities and ensure their management. Moreover, environmental safety and cleanliness would be achieved if the homeless families are rehabilitated into centers and homes. Business owners looking for more workforce would take part in the training [programs to mold the kind of skill they require in their businesses. HHS would spearhead these projects by ensuring the coordination and cooperation of each group while maintaining objectivity. Thirdly, the neighborhood associations, including the city council department, will also play a critical role as stakeholders. The city council, in collaboration with HHS, will offer space for a facility for mental treatment and therapy. HHS may provide funding for psychiatric facilities to rehabilitate the homeless taken from the streets and provide needed services. According to this association, the homeless prefer to converge downtown because there have been services like libraries, parking attendant jobs, and libraries. Running head: COMMUNITY SERVICE LEADERSHIP 4 As the leader of the initiative, a meeting with the Columbia CS community is necessary. The first meeting will be crucial to identify the problem and create a team spirit for all the stakeholders to agree on the way forward and possible solutions. Ones every stakeholder agrees that the street families must be assisted, they will also present the leadership and authorize the intervention of HHS as an aid agency. The next meeting will be between the community leadership, the agency, and the street families to explain the purpose of the activities and make them agreeable to the changes to be made. It is essential that as the initiative begins, every member of the community agrees to the changes. It will facilitate the process and make it easy to execute and improve the welfare of everyone in the community. The slogan throughout the project should reflect a better livelihood for a united community. References Geraghty, L. (2018). The Big Issue. How do People Become Homeless? The Reasons are Myriad Running head: COMMUNITY SERVICE LEADERSHIP and Diverse. Retrieved from;https://www.bigissue.com/latest/how-do-people-becomehomeless/ 5 …
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