PJM380 Discussion Post 250 words and APA cited reference

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Project Management Tools

Module 6: Project Reporting and Closure Tools

This week we explore how project performance is monitored throughout the execution phase of the project life cycle. We consider the use of metrics and information systems as a part of this effort, and we review the earned value method as one of the tools that is used for project performance monitoring and reporting. Some of the tools and techniques that are used in the project closeout phase are also identified.

Learning Outcomes

  1. Understand the function and importance of project reporting and closure.
  2. Implement project performance reporting.
  3. Classify the main tools and techniques used for closing projects.

For Your Success & Readings

Read all course materials closely to understand the key concepts we are covering in this course. The required readings are foundational to your understanding; please complete them early in the week. The discussions are your key opportunity to collaborate with your classmates and your instructor. Participate regularly in the discussions to maximize the value of your course experience.

To be successful during this week, it is recommended that you complete the requirements as listed on the course syllabus and in Module 1 For Your Success. In addition:

  • As you complete the required readings, think about how the project performance is monitored and tools and techniques that can be beneficial for project monitoring and reporting purposes.
  • This week you have one Portfolio Project Milestone to complete. For more details about this assignment and the options you have, review the Module 6 assignment description.




Martinelli, R. J., & Milosevich, D. Z. (2016). Project management toolbox: Tools and techniques for the practicing project manager (2nd ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons.

n conducting this review, the project team assumes that the project

has failed, and they try to engage in value-adding discussions to

identify the root causes of the problems. By identifying these

potential causes of failure, the project team is able to take action to

overcome the challenges it may face. Some of the best practices in the

use of this method are shown in the figure below:

The Top-Ten Best Practices for Postmortem Success
  • Start early. Make sure the postmortem work effort is part of the project’s resource plan and schedule.
  • Establish your team culture. Establish ground rules and expectations of one another as you onboard project team members and stakeholders.
  • Know your measures of success. Work with your team and customer to identify the questions that will be raised during the postmortem so that there are no surprises.
  • Use experts. Since it is often difficult to facilitate a meeting and document the meeting and do so without bias, use an expert facilitator, scribe, and others during the postmortem review.
  • Ensure representation. Make sure the key members from the project team and operational team are present and comfortable in sharing their thoughts, ideas, and opinions openly and productively.
  • Everyone contributes. Conduct the postmortem in a way that everyone participates without peer pressure or senior leader persuasion.
  • Work from facts. Make sure facts are known and have any comments facilitated to the point of it being fact-based rather than subjective opinion.
  • Focus on the future. While the postmortem is a reflection of past events, the primary focus is on how to make future projects better and therefore the majority of time should be spent on what should be done differently next time.
  • Detail the conversation in narrative form. Rather than high-level bullet-point summaries of the conversation, have the meeting detailed in a narrative report because stories make for easier learning than bullet points.
  • Broadcast your results. Be sure to share the postmortem report with other project teams and archive in an easily accessible database for other project managers to use.

Adapted from Martinelli & Milosevich, 2016, p. 368

Module 6: Discussion Forum

7 7 unread replies. 7 7 replies.

Imagine you are working in a project-based global organization. Then, assume that this organization had set up a project to develop and implement a portfolio management software to manage a portfolio of projects and that this project has failed.

Perform a postmortem review on this imaginary project and share the findings of this review with the class. Please pay close attention to the project type (software development) and its requirements (ability to effectively manage a portfolio of projects that are implemented internationally). Make sure your review contains all the elements that the course textbook identifies for a postmortem review.

A note from the professor:


This discussion is going to be a great one. We are going to do a postmortem on a failed project. I know the research is going to be massive. Be careful not to spend a paragraph or two talking about what went well. The project failed, and this is a document reviewing why it failed.

What is the most often found reason that a project fails? Is it support from the organization? Is it because the Project Manager let the scope creep monster get inside and bust the timeline, scope, and budget? Was it an organizational shift in priorities?

Projects do not just fail — think it through.

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