Oriole, Inc., owns a number of food service companies. Two divisions are the Coffee Division and the Donut Shop Division. The Coffee Division purchases and roasts coffee beans for sale to supermarkets and specialty shops. The Donut Shop Division operates a chain of donut shops where the donuts are made on the premises. Coffee is an important item for sale along with the donuts and, to date, has been purchased from the Coffee Division. Company policy permits each manager the freedom to decide whether or not to buy or sell internally. Each divisional manager is evaluated on the basis of return on investment and residual income. Recently, an outside supplier has offered to sell coffee beans, roasted and ground, to the Donut Shop Division for $4.30 per pound. Since the current price paid to the Coffee Division is $4.75 per pound, Ashleigh Tremont, the manager of the Donut Shop Division, was interested in the offer. However, before making the decision to switch to the outside supplier, she decided to approach Santigui Melendez, manager of the Coffee Division, to see if he wanted to offer an even better price. If not, then Ashleigh would buy from the outside supplier. Upon receiving the information from Ashleigh about the outside offer, Santigui gathered the following information about the coffee:
Direct materials $0.95 Direct labor 0.45 Variable overhead 0.72 Fixed overhead* 1.53 Total unit cost $3.65 * Fixed overhead is based on $1,530,000/1,000,000 pounds. Selling price per pound $4.75 Production capacity 1,000,000 pounds Internal sales 100,000 pounds
I have an accounting question. Suppose that the Coffee Division is producing at capacity and can sell all that it produces to outside customers. How should Santigui respond to Ashleigh’s request for a lower transfer price? What will be the effect on firmwide profits? Compute the effect of this response on each division’s profits. Can you help me on the question that I asked?