Identify a health behavior that you need to change in your personal life.

Everyone has a health behavior he or she would like to change, whether or not he or she works in the health industry. For this assignment, address the following:

  • Identify a health behavior that you need to change in your personal life.
  • How can you see a health educator helping you with the health behavior?
  • Imagine that you have gone through some type of program to improve your health behavior. Identify at least two evaluation tools that a health educator could use to determine if your behavior was changed, and discuss how those tools can be used. Be sure to identify if the evaluation tools are formative and summative.

Your assignment should be at least two pages in length, not counting the title or reference pages. Make sure that you include a strong introduction to your essay. You must use at least one source. All sources used, including your textbook must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations. All references and citations must be in APA style.

A number of psychosocial theories has been developed to predict, explain, and change health behaviors. These theories can be divided into two main groups which are commonly referred to as social cognition models and stage models, respectively. The term ‘social cognition models’ refers to a group of similar theories each of which specifies a small number of cognitive and affective factors (‘beliefs and attitudes’) as the proximal determinants of behavior. The five models that have been used most widely by health behavior researchers in recent years are: the health belief model, protection motivation theory, self-efficacy theory, the theory of reasoned action, and the theory of planned behavior. These models are outlined in turn, their similarities and differences are noted, and common criticisms are discussed. Stage models use similar concepts but organize them in a different way. According to this approach, behavior change involves movement through a sequence of discrete, qualitatively distinct, stages. The dominant stage model of health behavior, the transtheoretical model, is described, and some problems with the model and the research based on it are mentioned.

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