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I need help with a Health & Medical question. All explanations and answers will be used to help me learn.

Review the Transportation Research News Report, August 2013. (Found in Course Documents).

This is a long document that you can review later, but focus on pages 11-17 addressing Humanitarian Relief and Broken Supply Chains. There are 7 key topics in this section. ?

Pick one area and briefly explain its impact- positive or negative- as it relates to relief and supply chains. If you can find a disaster to support your position, that would be great.?

here t2 different answers just paprahrase from them

answer# 1

Humanitarian supply chain is supposed to ensure they have launched a variety of services directed towards a certain incident having a wide form of scope. Improved response was initiated immediately after the impact of the world trade attack. An assumption was made that formulation of an industry team will focus on best practices and in turn give an effective cum efficient response to major disasters. The meeting conducted comprised of an NGO and several corporations however discovered that the industry alone was in-capable of handling the disaster (Jon 2013, p.13).

Positive effects

The aim of the response team was to offer services that fit the disaster spanning a wide area and provide quick response to the needs of people in a disaster to help save their lives. The team meant to provide supplies such as food, shelter and clothing in order to satisfy the temporary needs of those facing the calamity. It found a way of formulating a communication system to aid in information sharing. For ease functionality and effective support, the response team maintained a consistent communication with their control center. They also gave major response and aid organizations for backup if need arises ((Jon 2013, p.15)).

ARC’s disaster system looks for several volunteers with technical and professional training on various rescue techniques whom it will recruit as part of its support team. In times of strong hurricanes or on periods with high disaster chances, ARC’s support cum response team is active and ever ready to respond and act to help individuals facing any form of calamity.


Jon S. (2013): Transportation’s Roles in Disaster Response; 11-17

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answer 2 #

Considering the interaction of different kinds of organizations and globalization of relief efforts, it is imperative that the humanitarian relief community can now embraces new strategies in disaster events, the humanitarians and supply chain network may includes a number of logisticians from various organizations and organizational types. For example, disasters using continuous and in an integrated multi-sectorial, multi-disciplinary process planning with related implementation measures, aim is to prevent or reduce risk of disasters, mitigate the severity or the consequences of the disaster. The first phase of disaster is to create emergency preparedness, have rapid and effective emergency response systems, develop post-disaster recovery and rehabilitation system. Similar approaches is found in Africa. Disaster response in Africa can be hindered by inadequate disaster preparedness, lack of well-developed contingency plans, and limited response capacity and capability within government and NGOs. Contingency plans for potential disasters are essential as they enhance an organization’s capacity to pre-empt and manage effectively in case of any eventuality as this may facilitate proactive approaches, or could increase accountability through set performance indicators and benchmarks or it may promote the creation of evacuation plans and drill tests against them (Tatham & Christopher, 2014).

In an humanitarian Logistic disaster there are significantly enhanced responses and critical challenges such as the timely delivery of goods and services is crucial to effective disaster response. For example the 2009 earth quakes Indonesia, the earthquakes badly destroyed much of Padang Indonesia the capital of west Sumatra. Immediate humanitarian identified tents due to heavy rain, medical teams, and additional equipment to help with search and rescue of survivors trapped in building, retrieved from

The transportation infrastructure in Indonesia earthquake was disrupted and has seriously affected the supply chain responsiveness. this can be aggravated by a limited aid, because of obstructed roads which is crucial to humanitarian operations, retrieved from

To practice effective cost efficient logistic, management responsive to transportation network begin with end-and end network visibility, this is so true because it is believed that international aid requires the availability of inter modal transportation more than national and local aid operations. This is true especially for large organizations that preposition their relief supplies around the world at certain locations and ship these supplies from their warehouses to the disaster area when needed. These shipments are usually long distance and require inter modal transportation.


Natarajarathinam M, Capar I, Narayanan A (2009). Managing Supply Chain in times of crisis: a review of literature and insights. Int J Phys Distrib 39(7):535-573

Tatham & Christopher, (2014). Humanitarian Logistics. kogan Page Limited, (Pg. 155), 2nd edition

answer 3

Professor and Classmates,

Of the key topics presented in the section Humanitarian Relief and Broken Supply Chains I have chosen to discuss the section on “exploring the vulnerabilities”. As part of the activities and final project completed in the DMM Disaster Mapping course, my classmates and I were assigned a location and had to register with the Afghanistan Spatial Data Center to gain humanitarian level access to their records. For the region assigned we assessed the total population of the area, the total number of buildings, the percent of population impacted (flood risk exposure), buildings that may be damaged, communication (GSM coverage). This information is vital to not only identifying the risks associated with any type disaster but also to see where improvements could be made in assisting with future incidents. There is no excuse with all of the technology we have today not to be prepared to know this type of census-like data. I think the main issue would be to know where to best house the data and how to allow access without creating a vulnerability. I suppose if we have this data in a secure location only made available to those in time of need then it would make sense, but if we do not have the data, we need to figure out how to obtain it and who might be best to collect it.

In one of my other posts I spoke of crowdsourcing and its benefits with regards to gathering vast amounts of data quickly. Aside from the risks of human error, it would be a very quick way to assess vulnerabilities and figure out where the needs lie if something were to happen rather unexpectedly. I found an interesting article, “10 Locations Most Likely to Experience A Natural Disaster in the Next Five Years” and I must say, these 10 places not only have a history of concerning activity but they are for the most part huge metropolitan areas with a large percentage of the population living and working there. All businesses in these areas should begin the risk assessment and look at what they would do logistically should the need arise to move out of the area in a rapid response to an oncoming threat.

Danielle Rivard


Ellis, A. (2019). 10 Locations Most Likely to Experience A Natural Disaster in the Next Five Years. Retrieved from

YouTube video of the Afghanistan Spatial Data Center directions on how to use the Statistics Tool. Retrieved from

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