Content: part1: Quantum Hall effect and quantum spin Hall effect;
part2: Topological insulator: theoretical predictions and both 2-D and 3-D experiments observations.
Your Report should be ~ 6 pages (single-spaced), including figures/tables (limited to 3), equations (limited to 6) and references (between 5 and 10). Each figure and its caption should not take up more than half a page. You may use published figures with proper citation. Do not include any abstract, footnotes or appendices.
Your Report should demonstrate your understanding of the topic, so try to use your own words rather than paraphrasing published sources The key papers covered in your Report should include the first-ever, the most-citedand the best-so-far(in your opinion).