research in psychology exam 5

Question 1 of 40

2.5 Points

In low-constraint studies:

 

 

[removed] 

A. analysis is only possible if we use complex statistical software.

 

[removed] 

B. coding of data is generally necessary before analysis.

 

[removed] 

C. direct analysis can always be undertaken.

 

[removed] 

D. there is often no data to analyze.

 

Question 2 of 40

2.5 Points

A survey is most useful in gathering data on the:

 

 

[removed] 

A. knowledge base of participants.

 

[removed] 

B. attitudes of participants.

 

[removed] 

C. causes of participants’ behavior.

 

[removed] 

D. Both A and B

 

Question 3 of 40

2.5 Points

If an obtained correlation was 0.50, the coefficient of determination would be:

 

 

[removed] 

A. 0.50.

 

[removed] 

B. 0.25.

 

[removed] 

C. -0.50.

 

[removed] 

D. 0.00.

 

Question 4 of 40

2.5 Points

A strong relationship between two variables:

 

 

[removed] 

A. can imply causality in differential research.

 

[removed] 

B. cannot imply causality in differential research.

 

[removed] 

C. can imply causality in differential research but not in correlational research.

 

[removed] 

D. is entirely meaningless.

 

Question 5 of 40

2.5 Points

Carrying out a survey by interviewing the first 100 people coming out of a movie theater would be an example of:

 

 

[removed] 

A. a status survey.

 

[removed] 

B. nonprobability sampling.

 

[removed] 

C. probability sampling.

 

[removed] 

D. simple random sampling.

 

Question 6 of 40

2.5 Points

Milfont (2009) found that desirable responding did not impact the self-reporting of environmental attitudes and behavior. What methodological issues might decrease the credibility of this claim?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Ecological behavior was self-reported instead of measuring actual behavior.

 

[removed] 

B. The sample used was made up only self-reported environmentalists.

 

[removed] 

C. Environmental attitudes were not related to environmental behavior in this study.

 

[removed] 

D. None of the above was true of the study.

 

Question 7 of 40

2.5 Points

A researcher wants to study bonding behavior in chimpanzees. Unfortunately, the researcher has no real knowledge about chimpanzees, and there is no information on bonding in the literature. Which of the following would be the most appropriate way to begin to study the topic?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Archival research

 

[removed] 

B. Ex post facto methodology

 

[removed] 

C. Experimental research

 

[removed] 

D. Naturalistic observation

 

Question 8 of 40

2.5 Points

What is the reason for this statement: “In differential research, we are actually studying relationships between variables”?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Correlation coefficients are calculated.

 

[removed] 

B. The strength of the relationship between dependent variables is measured.

 

[removed] 

C. Differential research involves only measuring variables and not manipulating them.

 

[removed] 

D. Contingent relationships are carefully measured.

 

Question 9 of 40

2.5 Points

The problem of participants’ contrived consistency on self-report measures can be reduced by:

 

 

[removed] 

A. including fewer items.

 

[removed] 

B. using appropriate statistical controls.

 

[removed] 

C. making the participant aware of what the researcher is interested in.

 

[removed] 

D. adding filler items.

 

Question 10 of 40

2.5 Points

What is the primary ethical concern in low-constraint research?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Confidentiality

 

[removed] 

B. Researcher’s access to sensitive information

 

[removed] 

C. Informed consent

 

[removed] 

D. All of the above

 

Question 11 of 40

2.5 Points

     

Archival research is an example of:

 

 

[removed] 

A. single-subject designs.

 

[removed] 

B. an ANOVA.

 

[removed] 

C. low-constraint field research.

 

[removed] 

D. high-constraint laboratory research.

 

Question 12 of 40

2.5 Points

     

Rosenhan investigated the experiences of psychiatric patients in mental hospitals by:

 

 

[removed] 

A. asking patients to describe their experiences.

 

[removed] 

B. unobtrusively observing the behavior of patients on psychiatric hospital wards.

 

[removed] 

C. asking normal people to admit themselves to mental hospitals by feigning symptoms.

 

[removed] 

D. asking psychiatrists to describe the environment of a typical mental hospital.

 

Question 13 of 40

2.5 Points

A probability statement such as “given that event X occurred, then the probability of event Y occurring is high” is referred to as a(n):

 

 

[removed] 

A. event notation.

 

[removed] 

B. corollary.

 

[removed] 

C. certainty statement.

 

[removed] 

D. contingency.

 

Question 14 of 40

2.5 Points

One of the most important uses of a correlation is its potential use in:

 

 

[removed] 

A. causal inferences.

 

[removed] 

B. determining differences between groups.

 

[removed] 

C. enhancing internal validity.

 

[removed] 

D. the prediction of future events.

 

Question 15 of 40

2.5 Points

Low-constraint research enables us to obtain useful information about:

 

 

[removed] 

A. techniques for manipulating variables.

 

[removed] 

B. causality.

 

[removed] 

C. relationships among variables.

 

[removed] 

D. making and testing predictions.

 

Question 16 of 40

2.5 Points

     

An area of concern that is more problematic in laboratory research than in low-constraint field work in psychology is:

 

 

[removed] 

A. scientific validity.

 

[removed] 

B. generalizability of findings.

 

[removed] 

C. that lab experiments are unethical.

 

[removed] 

D. that most human behavior can only be evaluated in naturalistic environments.

 

Question 17 of 40

2.5 Points

Without experimentation:

 

 

[removed] 

A. no conclusions can be drawn.

 

[removed] 

B. strong causal conclusions can still be drawn.

 

[removed] 

C. drawing strong conclusions is difficult.

 

[removed] 

D. drawing strong conclusions is easy.

 

Question 18 of 40

2.5 Points

Asking participants in a survey a question such as, “What is your opinion of the way the economy is being handled by the president?” is an example of a(n) __________ question.

 

 

[removed] 

A. open-ended

 

[removed] 

B. multiple-choice

 

[removed] 

C. Likert scale

 

[removed] 

D. None of the above

 

Question 19 of 40

2.5 Points

In analyzing data in differential research, if we have score data and more than two groups, we would typically use a(n):

 

 

[removed] 

A. Mann-Whitney U-Test.

 

[removed] 

B. analysis of variance (ANOVA).

 

[removed] 

C. chi-square test.

 

[removed] 

D. correlated t-test.

 

Question 20 of 40

2.5 Points

A researcher wants to study the effects of attention on ability to perform a task. The participant’s attention is recorded by a research assistant that the participant knows is watching. A problem with this design is:

 

 

[removed] 

A. measurement reactivity.

 

[removed] 

B. participant observer bias.

 

[removed] 

C. unobtrusive measurement.

 

[removed] 

D. obtrusive participant measurement.

 

Question 21 of 40

2.5 Points

Testing effects are most pronounced in:

 

 

[removed] 

A. measures of skill.

 

[removed] 

B. elderly participants.

 

[removed] 

C. young participants.

 

[removed] 

D. nonverbal tests.

 

Question 22 of 40

2.5 Points

Which of the following characterizes experimental research?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Seeking the strength and direction of relationships

 

[removed] 

B. Hypothesis generating as the major aim

 

[removed] 

C. High control and causal inferences

 

[removed] 

D. The goal of observing contingent relationships

 

Question 23 of 40

2.5 Points

Multiple observers should be used in psychology when:

 

 

[removed] 

A. observations are not completely subjective.

 

[removed] 

B. there are questions about objectivity in making observations.

 

[removed] 

C. it is thought that one observer is sufficient.

 

[removed] 

D. the measure is unreliable.

 

Question 24 of 40

2.5 Points

Failure to rule out __________ variables results in threats to __________ validity.

 

 

[removed] 

A. confounding; internal

 

[removed] 

B. confounding; external

 

[removed] 

C. dependent; internal

 

[removed] 

D. dependent; external

 

Question 25 of 40

2.5 Points

A researcher wants to do a study of pretest anxiety. He devises two possible ways of measuring pretest anxiety: (1) attaching electrodes to the palm and measuring the amount of sweat produced; (2) having observers rate participants on how anxious they look. Which of the following is true?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Both are subjective measures.

 

[removed] 

B. Both are objective measures.

 

[removed] 

C. #1 is objective; #2 is subjective.

 

[removed] 

D. #1 is subjective; #2 is objective.

 

Question 26 of 40

2.5 Points

Matched random assignment is used in situations in which random assignment would:

 

 

[removed] 

A. increase chances of unequal sample sizes.

 

[removed] 

B. cause possible confounding because the groups may be unequal on key dimensions.

 

[removed] 

C. not be possible because the researcher has too much prior knowledge about the parti

“Order a similar paper and get 20% discount on your first order with us Use the following coupon “FIRST20”

 

research in psychology exam 5

Question 1 of 40

2.5 Points

In low-constraint studies:

 

 

[removed] 

A. analysis is only possible if we use complex statistical software.

 

[removed] 

B. coding of data is generally necessary before analysis.

 

[removed] 

C. direct analysis can always be undertaken.

 

[removed] 

D. there is often no data to analyze.

 

Question 2 of 40

2.5 Points

A survey is most useful in gathering data on the:

 

 

[removed] 

A. knowledge base of participants.

 

[removed] 

B. attitudes of participants.

 

[removed] 

C. causes of participants’ behavior.

 

[removed] 

D. Both A and B

 

Question 3 of 40

2.5 Points

If an obtained correlation was 0.50, the coefficient of determination would be:

 

 

[removed] 

A. 0.50.

 

[removed] 

B. 0.25.

 

[removed] 

C. -0.50.

 

[removed] 

D. 0.00.

 

Question 4 of 40

2.5 Points

A strong relationship between two variables:

 

 

[removed] 

A. can imply causality in differential research.

 

[removed] 

B. cannot imply causality in differential research.

 

[removed] 

C. can imply causality in differential research but not in correlational research.

 

[removed] 

D. is entirely meaningless.

 

Question 5 of 40

2.5 Points

Carrying out a survey by interviewing the first 100 people coming out of a movie theater would be an example of:

 

 

[removed] 

A. a status survey.

 

[removed] 

B. nonprobability sampling.

 

[removed] 

C. probability sampling.

 

[removed] 

D. simple random sampling.

 

Question 6 of 40

2.5 Points

Milfont (2009) found that desirable responding did not impact the self-reporting of environmental attitudes and behavior. What methodological issues might decrease the credibility of this claim?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Ecological behavior was self-reported instead of measuring actual behavior.

 

[removed] 

B. The sample used was made up only self-reported environmentalists.

 

[removed] 

C. Environmental attitudes were not related to environmental behavior in this study.

 

[removed] 

D. None of the above was true of the study.

 

Question 7 of 40

2.5 Points

A researcher wants to study bonding behavior in chimpanzees. Unfortunately, the researcher has no real knowledge about chimpanzees, and there is no information on bonding in the literature. Which of the following would be the most appropriate way to begin to study the topic?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Archival research

 

[removed] 

B. Ex post facto methodology

 

[removed] 

C. Experimental research

 

[removed] 

D. Naturalistic observation

 

Question 8 of 40

2.5 Points

What is the reason for this statement: “In differential research, we are actually studying relationships between variables”?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Correlation coefficients are calculated.

 

[removed] 

B. The strength of the relationship between dependent variables is measured.

 

[removed] 

C. Differential research involves only measuring variables and not manipulating them.

 

[removed] 

D. Contingent relationships are carefully measured.

 

Question 9 of 40

2.5 Points

The problem of participants’ contrived consistency on self-report measures can be reduced by:

 

 

[removed] 

A. including fewer items.

 

[removed] 

B. using appropriate statistical controls.

 

[removed] 

C. making the participant aware of what the researcher is interested in.

 

[removed] 

D. adding filler items.

 

Question 10 of 40

2.5 Points

What is the primary ethical concern in low-constraint research?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Confidentiality

 

[removed] 

B. Researcher’s access to sensitive information

 

[removed] 

C. Informed consent

 

[removed] 

D. All of the above

 

Question 11 of 40

2.5 Points

     

Archival research is an example of:

 

 

[removed] 

A. single-subject designs.

 

[removed] 

B. an ANOVA.

 

[removed] 

C. low-constraint field research.

 

[removed] 

D. high-constraint laboratory research.

 

Question 12 of 40

2.5 Points

     

Rosenhan investigated the experiences of psychiatric patients in mental hospitals by:

 

 

[removed] 

A. asking patients to describe their experiences.

 

[removed] 

B. unobtrusively observing the behavior of patients on psychiatric hospital wards.

 

[removed] 

C. asking normal people to admit themselves to mental hospitals by feigning symptoms.

 

[removed] 

D. asking psychiatrists to describe the environment of a typical mental hospital.

 

Question 13 of 40

2.5 Points

A probability statement such as “given that event X occurred, then the probability of event Y occurring is high” is referred to as a(n):

 

 

[removed] 

A. event notation.

 

[removed] 

B. corollary.

 

[removed] 

C. certainty statement.

 

[removed] 

D. contingency.

 

Question 14 of 40

2.5 Points

One of the most important uses of a correlation is its potential use in:

 

 

[removed] 

A. causal inferences.

 

[removed] 

B. determining differences between groups.

 

[removed] 

C. enhancing internal validity.

 

[removed] 

D. the prediction of future events.

 

Question 15 of 40

2.5 Points

Low-constraint research enables us to obtain useful information about:

 

 

[removed] 

A. techniques for manipulating variables.

 

[removed] 

B. causality.

 

[removed] 

C. relationships among variables.

 

[removed] 

D. making and testing predictions.

 

Question 16 of 40

2.5 Points

     

An area of concern that is more problematic in laboratory research than in low-constraint field work in psychology is:

 

 

[removed] 

A. scientific validity.

 

[removed] 

B. generalizability of findings.

 

[removed] 

C. that lab experiments are unethical.

 

[removed] 

D. that most human behavior can only be evaluated in naturalistic environments.

 

Question 17 of 40

2.5 Points

Without experimentation:

 

 

[removed] 

A. no conclusions can be drawn.

 

[removed] 

B. strong causal conclusions can still be drawn.

 

[removed] 

C. drawing strong conclusions is difficult.

 

[removed] 

D. drawing strong conclusions is easy.

 

Question 18 of 40

2.5 Points

Asking participants in a survey a question such as, “What is your opinion of the way the economy is being handled by the president?” is an example of a(n) __________ question.

 

 

[removed] 

A. open-ended

 

[removed] 

B. multiple-choice

 

[removed] 

C. Likert scale

 

[removed] 

D. None of the above

 

Question 19 of 40

2.5 Points

In analyzing data in differential research, if we have score data and more than two groups, we would typically use a(n):

 

 

[removed] 

A. Mann-Whitney U-Test.

 

[removed] 

B. analysis of variance (ANOVA).

 

[removed] 

C. chi-square test.

 

[removed] 

D. correlated t-test.

 

Question 20 of 40

2.5 Points

A researcher wants to study the effects of attention on ability to perform a task. The participant’s attention is recorded by a research assistant that the participant knows is watching. A problem with this design is:

 

 

[removed] 

A. measurement reactivity.

 

[removed] 

B. participant observer bias.

 

[removed] 

C. unobtrusive measurement.

 

[removed] 

D. obtrusive participant measurement.

 

Question 21 of 40

2.5 Points

Testing effects are most pronounced in:

 

 

[removed] 

A. measures of skill.

 

[removed] 

B. elderly participants.

 

[removed] 

C. young participants.

 

[removed] 

D. nonverbal tests.

 

Question 22 of 40

2.5 Points

Which of the following characterizes experimental research?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Seeking the strength and direction of relationships

 

[removed] 

B. Hypothesis generating as the major aim

 

[removed] 

C. High control and causal inferences

 

[removed] 

D. The goal of observing contingent relationships

 

Question 23 of 40

2.5 Points

Multiple observers should be used in psychology when:

 

 

[removed] 

A. observations are not completely subjective.

 

[removed] 

B. there are questions about objectivity in making observations.

 

[removed] 

C. it is thought that one observer is sufficient.

 

[removed] 

D. the measure is unreliable.

 

Question 24 of 40

2.5 Points

Failure to rule out __________ variables results in threats to __________ validity.

 

 

[removed] 

A. confounding; internal

 

[removed] 

B. confounding; external

 

[removed] 

C. dependent; internal

 

[removed] 

D. dependent; external

 

Question 25 of 40

2.5 Points

A researcher wants to do a study of pretest anxiety. He devises two possible ways of measuring pretest anxiety: (1) attaching electrodes to the palm and measuring the amount of sweat produced; (2) having observers rate participants on how anxious they look. Which of the following is true?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Both are subjective measures.

 

[removed] 

B. Both are objective measures.

 

[removed] 

C. #1 is objective; #2 is subjective.

 

[removed] 

D. #1 is subjective; #2 is objective.

 

Question 26 of 40

2.5 Points

Matched random assignment is used in situations in which random assignment would:

 

 

[removed] 

A. increase chances of unequal sample sizes.

 

[removed] 

B. cause possible confounding because the groups may be unequal on key dimensions.

 

[removed] 

C. not be possible because the researcher has too much prior knowledge about the parti

“Order a similar paper and get 20% discount on your first order with us Use the following coupon “FIRST20”

 

research in psychology exam 5

Question 1 of 40

2.5 Points

In low-constraint studies:

 

 

[removed] 

A. analysis is only possible if we use complex statistical software.

 

[removed] 

B. coding of data is generally necessary before analysis.

 

[removed] 

C. direct analysis can always be undertaken.

 

[removed] 

D. there is often no data to analyze.

 

Question 2 of 40

2.5 Points

A survey is most useful in gathering data on the:

 

 

[removed] 

A. knowledge base of participants.

 

[removed] 

B. attitudes of participants.

 

[removed] 

C. causes of participants’ behavior.

 

[removed] 

D. Both A and B

 

Question 3 of 40

2.5 Points

If an obtained correlation was 0.50, the coefficient of determination would be:

 

 

[removed] 

A. 0.50.

 

[removed] 

B. 0.25.

 

[removed] 

C. -0.50.

 

[removed] 

D. 0.00.

 

Question 4 of 40

2.5 Points

A strong relationship between two variables:

 

 

[removed] 

A. can imply causality in differential research.

 

[removed] 

B. cannot imply causality in differential research.

 

[removed] 

C. can imply causality in differential research but not in correlational research.

 

[removed] 

D. is entirely meaningless.

 

Question 5 of 40

2.5 Points

Carrying out a survey by interviewing the first 100 people coming out of a movie theater would be an example of:

 

 

[removed] 

A. a status survey.

 

[removed] 

B. nonprobability sampling.

 

[removed] 

C. probability sampling.

 

[removed] 

D. simple random sampling.

 

Question 6 of 40

2.5 Points

Milfont (2009) found that desirable responding did not impact the self-reporting of environmental attitudes and behavior. What methodological issues might decrease the credibility of this claim?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Ecological behavior was self-reported instead of measuring actual behavior.

 

[removed] 

B. The sample used was made up only self-reported environmentalists.

 

[removed] 

C. Environmental attitudes were not related to environmental behavior in this study.

 

[removed] 

D. None of the above was true of the study.

 

Question 7 of 40

2.5 Points

A researcher wants to study bonding behavior in chimpanzees. Unfortunately, the researcher has no real knowledge about chimpanzees, and there is no information on bonding in the literature. Which of the following would be the most appropriate way to begin to study the topic?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Archival research

 

[removed] 

B. Ex post facto methodology

 

[removed] 

C. Experimental research

 

[removed] 

D. Naturalistic observation

 

Question 8 of 40

2.5 Points

What is the reason for this statement: “In differential research, we are actually studying relationships between variables”?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Correlation coefficients are calculated.

 

[removed] 

B. The strength of the relationship between dependent variables is measured.

 

[removed] 

C. Differential research involves only measuring variables and not manipulating them.

 

[removed] 

D. Contingent relationships are carefully measured.

 

Question 9 of 40

2.5 Points

The problem of participants’ contrived consistency on self-report measures can be reduced by:

 

 

[removed] 

A. including fewer items.

 

[removed] 

B. using appropriate statistical controls.

 

[removed] 

C. making the participant aware of what the researcher is interested in.

 

[removed] 

D. adding filler items.

 

Question 10 of 40

2.5 Points

What is the primary ethical concern in low-constraint research?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Confidentiality

 

[removed] 

B. Researcher’s access to sensitive information

 

[removed] 

C. Informed consent

 

[removed] 

D. All of the above

 

Question 11 of 40

2.5 Points

     

Archival research is an example of:

 

 

[removed] 

A. single-subject designs.

 

[removed] 

B. an ANOVA.

 

[removed] 

C. low-constraint field research.

 

[removed] 

D. high-constraint laboratory research.

 

Question 12 of 40

2.5 Points

     

Rosenhan investigated the experiences of psychiatric patients in mental hospitals by:

 

 

[removed] 

A. asking patients to describe their experiences.

 

[removed] 

B. unobtrusively observing the behavior of patients on psychiatric hospital wards.

 

[removed] 

C. asking normal people to admit themselves to mental hospitals by feigning symptoms.

 

[removed] 

D. asking psychiatrists to describe the environment of a typical mental hospital.

 

Question 13 of 40

2.5 Points

A probability statement such as “given that event X occurred, then the probability of event Y occurring is high” is referred to as a(n):

 

 

[removed] 

A. event notation.

 

[removed] 

B. corollary.

 

[removed] 

C. certainty statement.

 

[removed] 

D. contingency.

 

Question 14 of 40

2.5 Points

One of the most important uses of a correlation is its potential use in:

 

 

[removed] 

A. causal inferences.

 

[removed] 

B. determining differences between groups.

 

[removed] 

C. enhancing internal validity.

 

[removed] 

D. the prediction of future events.

 

Question 15 of 40

2.5 Points

Low-constraint research enables us to obtain useful information about:

 

 

[removed] 

A. techniques for manipulating variables.

 

[removed] 

B. causality.

 

[removed] 

C. relationships among variables.

 

[removed] 

D. making and testing predictions.

 

Question 16 of 40

2.5 Points

     

An area of concern that is more problematic in laboratory research than in low-constraint field work in psychology is:

 

 

[removed] 

A. scientific validity.

 

[removed] 

B. generalizability of findings.

 

[removed] 

C. that lab experiments are unethical.

 

[removed] 

D. that most human behavior can only be evaluated in naturalistic environments.

 

Question 17 of 40

2.5 Points

Without experimentation:

 

 

[removed] 

A. no conclusions can be drawn.

 

[removed] 

B. strong causal conclusions can still be drawn.

 

[removed] 

C. drawing strong conclusions is difficult.

 

[removed] 

D. drawing strong conclusions is easy.

 

Question 18 of 40

2.5 Points

Asking participants in a survey a question such as, “What is your opinion of the way the economy is being handled by the president?” is an example of a(n) __________ question.

 

 

[removed] 

A. open-ended

 

[removed] 

B. multiple-choice

 

[removed] 

C. Likert scale

 

[removed] 

D. None of the above

 

Question 19 of 40

2.5 Points

In analyzing data in differential research, if we have score data and more than two groups, we would typically use a(n):

 

 

[removed] 

A. Mann-Whitney U-Test.

 

[removed] 

B. analysis of variance (ANOVA).

 

[removed] 

C. chi-square test.

 

[removed] 

D. correlated t-test.

 

Question 20 of 40

2.5 Points

A researcher wants to study the effects of attention on ability to perform a task. The participant’s attention is recorded by a research assistant that the participant knows is watching. A problem with this design is:

 

 

[removed] 

A. measurement reactivity.

 

[removed] 

B. participant observer bias.

 

[removed] 

C. unobtrusive measurement.

 

[removed] 

D. obtrusive participant measurement.

 

Question 21 of 40

2.5 Points

Testing effects are most pronounced in:

 

 

[removed] 

A. measures of skill.

 

[removed] 

B. elderly participants.

 

[removed] 

C. young participants.

 

[removed] 

D. nonverbal tests.

 

Question 22 of 40

2.5 Points

Which of the following characterizes experimental research?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Seeking the strength and direction of relationships

 

[removed] 

B. Hypothesis generating as the major aim

 

[removed] 

C. High control and causal inferences

 

[removed] 

D. The goal of observing contingent relationships

 

Question 23 of 40

2.5 Points

Multiple observers should be used in psychology when:

 

 

[removed] 

A. observations are not completely subjective.

 

[removed] 

B. there are questions about objectivity in making observations.

 

[removed] 

C. it is thought that one observer is sufficient.

 

[removed] 

D. the measure is unreliable.

 

Question 24 of 40

2.5 Points

Failure to rule out __________ variables results in threats to __________ validity.

 

 

[removed] 

A. confounding; internal

 

[removed] 

B. confounding; external

 

[removed] 

C. dependent; internal

 

[removed] 

D. dependent; external

 

Question 25 of 40

2.5 Points

A researcher wants to do a study of pretest anxiety. He devises two possible ways of measuring pretest anxiety: (1) attaching electrodes to the palm and measuring the amount of sweat produced; (2) having observers rate participants on how anxious they look. Which of the following is true?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Both are subjective measures.

 

[removed] 

B. Both are objective measures.

 

[removed] 

C. #1 is objective; #2 is subjective.

 

[removed] 

D. #1 is subjective; #2 is objective.

 

Question 26 of 40

2.5 Points

Matched random assignment is used in situations in which random assignment would:

 

 

[removed] 

A. increase chances of unequal sample sizes.

 

[removed] 

B. cause possible confounding because the groups may be unequal on key dimensions.

 

[removed] 

C. not be possible because the researcher has too much prior knowledge about the parti

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research in psychology exam 5

Question 1 of 40

2.5 Points

In low-constraint studies:

 

 

[removed] 

A. analysis is only possible if we use complex statistical software.

 

[removed] 

B. coding of data is generally necessary before analysis.

 

[removed] 

C. direct analysis can always be undertaken.

 

[removed] 

D. there is often no data to analyze.

 

Question 2 of 40

2.5 Points

A survey is most useful in gathering data on the:

 

 

[removed] 

A. knowledge base of participants.

 

[removed] 

B. attitudes of participants.

 

[removed] 

C. causes of participants’ behavior.

 

[removed] 

D. Both A and B

 

Question 3 of 40

2.5 Points

If an obtained correlation was 0.50, the coefficient of determination would be:

 

 

[removed] 

A. 0.50.

 

[removed] 

B. 0.25.

 

[removed] 

C. -0.50.

 

[removed] 

D. 0.00.

 

Question 4 of 40

2.5 Points

A strong relationship between two variables:

 

 

[removed] 

A. can imply causality in differential research.

 

[removed] 

B. cannot imply causality in differential research.

 

[removed] 

C. can imply causality in differential research but not in correlational research.

 

[removed] 

D. is entirely meaningless.

 

Question 5 of 40

2.5 Points

Carrying out a survey by interviewing the first 100 people coming out of a movie theater would be an example of:

 

 

[removed] 

A. a status survey.

 

[removed] 

B. nonprobability sampling.

 

[removed] 

C. probability sampling.

 

[removed] 

D. simple random sampling.

 

Question 6 of 40

2.5 Points

Milfont (2009) found that desirable responding did not impact the self-reporting of environmental attitudes and behavior. What methodological issues might decrease the credibility of this claim?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Ecological behavior was self-reported instead of measuring actual behavior.

 

[removed] 

B. The sample used was made up only self-reported environmentalists.

 

[removed] 

C. Environmental attitudes were not related to environmental behavior in this study.

 

[removed] 

D. None of the above was true of the study.

 

Question 7 of 40

2.5 Points

A researcher wants to study bonding behavior in chimpanzees. Unfortunately, the researcher has no real knowledge about chimpanzees, and there is no information on bonding in the literature. Which of the following would be the most appropriate way to begin to study the topic?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Archival research

 

[removed] 

B. Ex post facto methodology

 

[removed] 

C. Experimental research

 

[removed] 

D. Naturalistic observation

 

Question 8 of 40

2.5 Points

What is the reason for this statement: “In differential research, we are actually studying relationships between variables”?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Correlation coefficients are calculated.

 

[removed] 

B. The strength of the relationship between dependent variables is measured.

 

[removed] 

C. Differential research involves only measuring variables and not manipulating them.

 

[removed] 

D. Contingent relationships are carefully measured.

 

Question 9 of 40

2.5 Points

The problem of participants’ contrived consistency on self-report measures can be reduced by:

 

 

[removed] 

A. including fewer items.

 

[removed] 

B. using appropriate statistical controls.

 

[removed] 

C. making the participant aware of what the researcher is interested in.

 

[removed] 

D. adding filler items.

 

Question 10 of 40

2.5 Points

What is the primary ethical concern in low-constraint research?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Confidentiality

 

[removed] 

B. Researcher’s access to sensitive information

 

[removed] 

C. Informed consent

 

[removed] 

D. All of the above

 

Question 11 of 40

2.5 Points

     

Archival research is an example of:

 

 

[removed] 

A. single-subject designs.

 

[removed] 

B. an ANOVA.

 

[removed] 

C. low-constraint field research.

 

[removed] 

D. high-constraint laboratory research.

 

Question 12 of 40

2.5 Points

     

Rosenhan investigated the experiences of psychiatric patients in mental hospitals by:

 

 

[removed] 

A. asking patients to describe their experiences.

 

[removed] 

B. unobtrusively observing the behavior of patients on psychiatric hospital wards.

 

[removed] 

C. asking normal people to admit themselves to mental hospitals by feigning symptoms.

 

[removed] 

D. asking psychiatrists to describe the environment of a typical mental hospital.

 

Question 13 of 40

2.5 Points

A probability statement such as “given that event X occurred, then the probability of event Y occurring is high” is referred to as a(n):

 

 

[removed] 

A. event notation.

 

[removed] 

B. corollary.

 

[removed] 

C. certainty statement.

 

[removed] 

D. contingency.

 

Question 14 of 40

2.5 Points

One of the most important uses of a correlation is its potential use in:

 

 

[removed] 

A. causal inferences.

 

[removed] 

B. determining differences between groups.

 

[removed] 

C. enhancing internal validity.

 

[removed] 

D. the prediction of future events.

 

Question 15 of 40

2.5 Points

Low-constraint research enables us to obtain useful information about:

 

 

[removed] 

A. techniques for manipulating variables.

 

[removed] 

B. causality.

 

[removed] 

C. relationships among variables.

 

[removed] 

D. making and testing predictions.

 

Question 16 of 40

2.5 Points

     

An area of concern that is more problematic in laboratory research than in low-constraint field work in psychology is:

 

 

[removed] 

A. scientific validity.

 

[removed] 

B. generalizability of findings.

 

[removed] 

C. that lab experiments are unethical.

 

[removed] 

D. that most human behavior can only be evaluated in naturalistic environments.

 

Question 17 of 40

2.5 Points

Without experimentation:

 

 

[removed] 

A. no conclusions can be drawn.

 

[removed] 

B. strong causal conclusions can still be drawn.

 

[removed] 

C. drawing strong conclusions is difficult.

 

[removed] 

D. drawing strong conclusions is easy.

 

Question 18 of 40

2.5 Points

Asking participants in a survey a question such as, “What is your opinion of the way the economy is being handled by the president?” is an example of a(n) __________ question.

 

 

[removed] 

A. open-ended

 

[removed] 

B. multiple-choice

 

[removed] 

C. Likert scale

 

[removed] 

D. None of the above

 

Question 19 of 40

2.5 Points

In analyzing data in differential research, if we have score data and more than two groups, we would typically use a(n):

 

 

[removed] 

A. Mann-Whitney U-Test.

 

[removed] 

B. analysis of variance (ANOVA).

 

[removed] 

C. chi-square test.

 

[removed] 

D. correlated t-test.

 

Question 20 of 40

2.5 Points

A researcher wants to study the effects of attention on ability to perform a task. The participant’s attention is recorded by a research assistant that the participant knows is watching. A problem with this design is:

 

 

[removed] 

A. measurement reactivity.

 

[removed] 

B. participant observer bias.

 

[removed] 

C. unobtrusive measurement.

 

[removed] 

D. obtrusive participant measurement.

 

Question 21 of 40

2.5 Points

Testing effects are most pronounced in:

 

 

[removed] 

A. measures of skill.

 

[removed] 

B. elderly participants.

 

[removed] 

C. young participants.

 

[removed] 

D. nonverbal tests.

 

Question 22 of 40

2.5 Points

Which of the following characterizes experimental research?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Seeking the strength and direction of relationships

 

[removed] 

B. Hypothesis generating as the major aim

 

[removed] 

C. High control and causal inferences

 

[removed] 

D. The goal of observing contingent relationships

 

Question 23 of 40

2.5 Points

Multiple observers should be used in psychology when:

 

 

[removed] 

A. observations are not completely subjective.

 

[removed] 

B. there are questions about objectivity in making observations.

 

[removed] 

C. it is thought that one observer is sufficient.

 

[removed] 

D. the measure is unreliable.

 

Question 24 of 40

2.5 Points

Failure to rule out __________ variables results in threats to __________ validity.

 

 

[removed] 

A. confounding; internal

 

[removed] 

B. confounding; external

 

[removed] 

C. dependent; internal

 

[removed] 

D. dependent; external

 

Question 25 of 40

2.5 Points

A researcher wants to do a study of pretest anxiety. He devises two possible ways of measuring pretest anxiety: (1) attaching electrodes to the palm and measuring the amount of sweat produced; (2) having observers rate participants on how anxious they look. Which of the following is true?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Both are subjective measures.

 

[removed] 

B. Both are objective measures.

 

[removed] 

C. #1 is objective; #2 is subjective.

 

[removed] 

D. #1 is subjective; #2 is objective.

 

Question 26 of 40

2.5 Points

Matched random assignment is used in situations in which random assignment would:

 

 

[removed] 

A. increase chances of unequal sample sizes.

 

[removed] 

B. cause possible confounding because the groups may be unequal on key dimensions.

 

[removed] 

C. not be possible because the researcher has too much prior knowledge about the parti

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“You are the independent accountant assigned to the audit of Neophyte Company.

“You are the independent accountant assigned to the audit of Neophyte Company. The company’s accountant, a graduate of Rival State University, has prepared financial statements which contained the following questionable items: a. The balance sheet reports land at $100,000. Included in this amount is a piece of property held for speculation at a cost of $30,000.b. Current liabilities include $50,000 for long-term debt that comes due in three months. The company has received a suitable firm commitment to refinance the debt for five years and intends to do so.c. Investments in marketable securities include $20,000 in short-term, high-grade commercial paper which is a cash equivalent.”

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Security and Personnel SRA 111- Introduction to Security and Risk Analysis Week 11 Learning Objectives 2 Describe where and how the information

1. ) Using the following cipher methods, encrypt the following message: “Encryption is popular but complex” a. Substitution cipher (Use two ciphers, each one is five-character substitution to the right) b.Vigenere square (Show the keyword you create) c.Transposition cipher (Show the key pattern you create. Use letters instead of bits.) d.Book cipher. see attachment week 8 2.) ) Assume you decided to work in information security area and you have less than two years to graduate. In a page, explain your game plan for the next five years (i.e., what kind of job positions do you think are a better fit for you, what kind of courses may increase your chances, whether you need to do an internship, what certification programs would you take to enhance your career). Make sure you explain your reasoning for all of your answers see atachment week 11

  • Attachment 1
  • Attachment 2

Question: Assume you decided to work in information security area and youhave less than two years to graduate. In a page, explain your game plan for the nextfive years (i.e., what kind of job…

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1.Why the so-called “fair value” of financial assets is represented by the present value of future cash flows of financial asset?

1. Why the so-called “fair value” of a financial asset is represented by the present value of future cash flows of a financial asset?

2.Provide the common size statements for both Balance Sheet and Income Statement. What kind of noticeable pattern you may identify for the firm? Is this usual for the airline industry?

Balance Sheet (in millions)

2012               2013                2014

Assets

Cash                                                                  30                  10                         475

Marketable securities                                        150                100                    0

Accounts Receivable                                         920            1150                  800

Inventory                                                          760                278                450

Plant, Building, and Equipment’s (net)          1872                1905                1109

Investments in affiliates                                     0                          30                          329

Total Assets                                                  3732                3473                3163

Liabilities

Short-term debts                                             607                      9                          30

Advances from customers                            111                    34                            34

Accounts payable                                           685                  192                773

Interest payable                                            75                  98                            62

Tax payable                                                    127                  147                128

Other Accrued Expenses                              20                  15                            35

Bonds payable                                                925                  486                650

Stockholders’ Equity

Common stock                                               1021                2258                1175

Additional paid-in capital                              74                          156                147

Retained earning                                                 87                           78                          129

Total liabilities and equities                           3732                3473                3163

Income Statement(in millions)

2012               2013                2014

Net Sales                                                         3296                3418                3983

Cost of Goods Sold                                        2215                1809                2410

Selling and General Expenses                            700                812                759

Depreciation Expense                                       260                298                284

Interest Expense                                                 90                          109                121

Income Tax Expense                                           295                        137                254

Net Income                                                       (264)                        253                155

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Please consider a bank statement noting that when checks cleared the bank and monies were accordingly deducted from the checking account, the bank…

Please consider a bank statement noting that when checks cleared the bank and monies were accordingly deducted from the checking account, the bank reported it as a “debit” entry on the bank statement. You are likely familiar with a “debit card” which allows you to immediately withdraw cash from your personal bank account. We have learned that a positive cash balance is an asset and that an asset’s balance decreases with a credit entry and increases with a debit entry. If this is the case, why do banks refer to these withdrawals (account reductions) as a “debit?” Please explain.

Please consider a bank statement noting that when checks cleared the bank and monies were accordingly deducted from the checking account, the bank reported it as a “debit” entry on the bank…

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Finenelll I’ltll far the years ended Dee-her 3 1.- r93. –‘l H HHW LIJIig-IEI’JII debt In tetra] capital (5%} Times interest earned times ‘ – :…

19. Which statement below is true with regard to the coverage ratios of LA Theaters?

LA Theaters can cover interest payments with cash in both 2016 and 2015.

LA Theaters does not cover interest payments as well with cash compared to profits.

LA Theaters are having trouble paying for fixed charges due to their low coverage ratios.

LA Theaters could not make interest payments due to the net loss in 2015.

Finenelll I’ltlfll far the years ended Dee-her 31..ue’.r 1-..1.— 3 :- r93."–‘l H HHW LIJIig-IEI’JII debt In tetra] capital (5%}Times interest earned times’ – : – – {times}. _ {times}Cash flew adequacy times}PrelluhlflGross II IfilEflLh {Ev-‘3}’ pee-fit margin {are}Net II I In: _i,|:|_I:D..-‘E.Cash flew In _il1[‘."-‘E-Return on assets {as}Return on mm {as}Cash return en assets {as} gE L". 3-H m-IE]IEIE‘IIE3III-mIn ._r4I:- ._F1H .._“—m__E-———E_— 5-“ LilI—r-u. I—Lame “4

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THIS IS FOR A HR INFORMATION SYSTEMS CLASS: Once we’ve recruited candidates, we then have to find a way to determine if they are right for the job.

THIS IS FOR A HR INFORMATION SYSTEMS CLASS: Once we’ve recruited candidates, we then have to find a way to determine if they are right for the job. Share one HR technology method used for candidate selection. Explain how the HR technology process works for that method. How has technology impacted how we track job applicants? Please cite the URL or references used for class discussion. Please answer in 130 words or less.

Question THIS IS FOR A HR INFORMATION SYSTEMS CLASS: Once we’ve recruited candidates, we then have to find a way to determine if they are right for the job. Share one HR technology method used…

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